Larry Peterson, a preeminent researcher in the areas of computer networks and distributed systems, says the current trend toward cloud computing and more reliance on network-based services is a tremendous opportunity for new breakthroughs in computing. "The cloud is changing the way computing is done and the way that networks are going to be built. We're trying to help it happen in a way that keeps the opportunities for innovation open," he said.
UA doctoral degree candidate Jay Sanguinetti has authored a new study, published online in the journal Psychological Science, that indicates that the brain processes and understands visual input that we may never consciously perceive. The finding challenges currently accepted models about how the brain processes visual information.
Two UA researchers contributed to a special issue of the scientific journal Climatic Change dedicated to the impacts of climate change on indigenous communities. While tribal communities are especially vulnerable to climate change, they also have unique strengths that make them resilient, especially in combination with strategic collaborations with outside partners.
UA computer science faculty members Saumya Debray and Richard Snodgrass collaborated with TLA’s Wheelhouse Arizona in the formation of Dataware Ventures as a new startup company.
The city of Tucson has chosen local product and business developer Aztera to lead operations of the Commercialization Network Alliance, which is a partnership between the UA and the city to nurture start-up companies born from UA research activities, with the goal of new jobs and economic growth for Tucson and the region.
The world's largest database of minerals, developed and housed at the UA, enables NASA to identify the minerals that make up the soil on Mars. Some of those minerals are the same as you'd find on a beach in Hawaii. UA graduate student Shaunna Morrison, a member of the science team for NASA's Mars rover Curiosity, is helping to uncover the secrets of the Red Planet.
UA researchers Joanna Masel and Noah Whiteman, each have received a grant from the John Templeton Foundation for research projects in evolutionary biology. The results of their studies could shed light on the origin of new genes and the diversity of life on Earth.
A team of researchers co-led by UA Regents' Professor Nick Strausfeld has discovered the earliest known complete nervous system, exquisitely preserved in the fossilized remains of a never-before described creature that crawled or swam in the ocean 520 million years ago. Described in the current issue of the journal Nature, the specimen belongs to an extinct group of marine arthropods known as megacheirans, Greek for "large claws."
Are we alone in the universe? This is the central question posed by a new book edited by UA scientists. "Encountering Life in the Universe: Ethical Foundations and Social Implications of Astrobiology" is a compilation of works by authors ranging from philosophers and theologians to astronomers and astrobiologists. The book explores the ethical and societal implications of finding life elsewhere in the universe.
UA undergraduate researcher Sarah Schwenck and postdoctoral associate Jennifer Brum are investigating phages, viruses that infect bacteria, to understand how portions of the world's oceans function without oxygen. Having taken measurements while on a research cruise to Mexico, they will sequence the DNA of the viruses and analyze how much of a role differences in viruses plays at different spots in the ocean.
A UA-led group of astronomers has completed the largest-ever survey of dense gas clouds in the Milky Way – pockets shrouded in gas and dust where new stars are being born. Cataloging and mapping more than 6,000 gas clouds, the survey allows astronomers to better understand the earliest phases of star formation.
An alien world believed to be the first-known planet to consist largely of diamond now appears less likely to be of such precious nature, according to a new analysis led by UA graduate student Johanna Teske. The new research will be published in the Astrophysical Journal.
For her master's project at the UA, Sara Sillars studied and designed a wildlife corridor project for Interstate 10 east of Tucson. The project has since been adopted by the Arizona Department of Transportation. Sillars, now a geographic information systems analyst for Pacific Gas and Electric, says the UA's Masters of Science in GIS Technology program gave her valuable real-world experience.
A team of researchers led by UA assistant professor Vanessa Huxter has made the first detailed observation of how energy travels through diamonds that contain nitrogen-vacancy centers. The unexpected and attractive properties of these "flawed" diamonds put them in the spotlight as promising candidates for a variety of technological advances.
The UA is the lead institution for the Regional Algal Feedstock Testbed partnership, which was recently awarded $8 million over four years by the Department of Energy to research how algae can be grown year-round outdoors in open ponds in different climates. The UA's Kimberly Ogden and others are looking at algae as a potential means to fuel the future.
UA entomology professor Molly Hunter has received a $520,000 National Science Foundation grant to explore bacterial manipulation of insect reproduction. In the three-year study, Hunter and her team will research the genomic and cytological mechanisms used by the bacterium Cardinium to manipulate reproduction of parasitic wasps that attack whiteflies, a growing agricultural pest concern.
During a public forum, a panel of UA climate experts commented on the latest United Nations report on climate change and explained what the findings likely mean for Arizona and the Southwest. Arizona is warming faster than any of the other lower 48 states and water will become a more pressing issue as precipitation patterns change and conditions become hotter and drier.
Toxicologist and pediatrician Dr. Leslie Boyer, founding director of the UA's VIPER Institute, has been named the 2013 Arizona Bioscience Researcher of the Year by the Arizona Bioindustry Association. Boyer was lead investigator for a scorpion antivenom clinical trials program that resulted in FDA approval of the antivenom Anascorp.
UA aerospace and mechanical engineering professor Erdogan Madenci, working with assistant professor of materials science and engineering Robert Erdmann, will head a new $7.5 million multidisciplinary university research initiative to predict damage and failure of materials used in applications ranging from microchips to spaceships. The project will be based on the emerging theory of peridynamics, which enables modeling of material fracture and failure.
Max Li, a UA doctoral student in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, is testing mechanisms that determine why some plant species dominate in nature while others stably coexist. His research in the Southern Arizona desert could help inform policies to curb the spread of invasive species.